Ministerio del Interior. Subsecretaría Dirección General de Política Interior.

Gobierno de España. Ministerio del Interior
Subsecretaría Dirección General de Política Interior

Consulta de Resultados Electorales

Consulta de Resultados Electorales


Búsqueda
Convocatoria
Ámbito geográfico
Búsqueda
Búsqueda

Based on legally-established administrative authorities, data on this Web site come from the following two sources: for the national and higher constituencies (in the case of elections to the European Parliament also for the provincial level), the official results published in the Boletín Oficial del Estado (state gazette) by the Central Electoral Commission. For lower levels, down to the polling station, the data of the provisional survey carried out by the Interior Ministry for the corresponding election are provided. Therefore, there can be discrepancies from the Census and CERA vote and, in a few cases, there could be arithmetic or transcription errors with respect to a municipality or polling station. Once detected, however, these errors are corrected in the general survey of the Electoral Commissions.

I. BASIC INFORMATION

  • City: information provided by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE - National Statistics Institute).

    The population of the provinces is the basis to determine the number of deputies to be chosen in each of them, when the time comes for the elections to the Congress of Deputies. After awarding 102 seats, 2 for each of the 50 provincial electoral districts and 1 for Ceuta and 1 for Melilla, the remaining 248 seats are distributed among the provinces in proportion to their population.

    The city's population is also the basis for determining the number of councillors elected in each city.

  • Electoral Register: electoral register data are provided by the Oficina del Censo Electoral (OCE - Electoral Register Office), part of the INE, which is directed and supervised by the Central Electoral Board (LOREG (Organic Law on the General Electoral Regime), articles 19 and 29).

    Nature and validity of the electoral register

    The electoral register is permanent and it operates monthly on the first of each month (LOREG, art. 34, as per OL 2/2011).

    The registration of foreigners residing in Spain (CERE) who can vote in municipal and European elections is also voluntary and must be requested in advance.

    For more details on these data and regulations relating to the electoral register go to www.ine.es

  • Number of Municipalities: information provided by INE.

  • Number of Polling Stations: number set by INE according to criteria established in the LOREG (article 23).

  • Types of Electoral Register: The electoral register is comprised by the register of all the voters residing in Spain (CER), the register of the resident-absent voters who live abroad (CERA) except in local elections (LOREG, art. 75.1, as per OL 2/2011) and in certain elections, by the register of the foreigners residing in Spain (CERE).

    Electoral Register of Spaniards Resident in Spain (CER): Register of Resident Voters. Also called the ordinary register, which lists all Spanish voters resident on national soil. Such residents are automatically added to the lists of the electoral districts of their place of residence by the OCE. Therefore, this is an automatic register.

    Electoral Register of Spaniards Resident Abroad (CERA): Electoral Register of Absent Residents. This register includes citizens of Spanish nationality who are absent from the country and who are officially resident in a foreign country (for this purpose, they must be listed in a consulate Register).

    Electoral Register of Foreigners Resident in Spain (CERE): Electoral Register of Foreign Residents. This register lists foreign citizens from member States of the European Union who are officially resident in Spain or citizens from other States who have signed reciprocity agreements (treaties) with Spain.

    Nationals who are citizens of the EU States may be registered on electoral registers for elections to the European Parliament and municipal elections, while nationals from other States that have signed treaties may only be registered on lists for municipal elections. In both cases, registration on these electoral lists must be requested by the voter.

    Complete Electoral Register: the sum of all the electoral registers determined for each electoral process. For example:

    • General Elections: CER + CERA (since the General Elections of 1986, after the LOREG was approved in 1985).

    • Municipal Elections: CER + CERA (since the Municipal Elections of 1987 through 2007) + CERE (since 1995). Since the Municipal Elections of 2011: CER + CERE.

    • Elections to the European Parliament: CER + CERA + CERE (EU voters only).

    • Referendum: CER + CERA.

II. TYPES OF ELECTORAL RESULTS

The results included in the Home Office's electoral website correspond to the state processes whose organisation and implementation is the responsibility of the central government and State Department. In Spain, the Home Office is the department that keeps the historical record of electoral results from elections held within its jurisdiction since 1977.

  • Database Results: the Interior Ministry provides electoral results in digital form. These results come from the general survey carried out by the Electoral Commissions at the national level (in the case of elections to the European Parliament, also at the provincial level). To offer the most complete information possible, provisional survey data down to the polling station level are provided, as the Electoral Commissions do not supply official data for levels lower than the national level (in European elections, the provincial level). Therefore, in these cases, there can be discrepancies from the Census and CERA vote and, in some cases, there could be arithmetic or transcription errors with respect to a municipality or polling station. Once detected, however, these errors are corrected in the general survey of the Electoral Commissions.

  • Final Results: the final results are available after the general vote count is completed by the corresponding District Electoral Boards (LOREG, art. 103) as of the third day after election day, and they refer to the constituency level and higher.

    CERA votes are counted first (in the case of General, European Parliament and Referendum elections), then the votes listed on the polling station vote count forms are counted, and finally all complaints or queries are resolved.

    The final results are published in the Official Gazette of Spain (BOE) by the Central Electoral Board forty days after the general count of votes has been completed by the Provincial Electoral Boards. In the case of municipal elections, the general count of votes is carried out by the District Electoral Boards.

  • Provisional Results: in state elections, the Home Office is responsible for centralising the voting results from ballot paper counts, which is carried out at the close of urns at all polling stations.

    On election night, the Home Office therefore broadcasts the provisional results, which are the total valid votes (votes for candidates and blank ballot-papers) plus spoiled ballot papers, counted at the polling stations once voting has concluded at 20:00 hours.

    In the case of General, European Parliament and Referendum elections, these election night results correspond to votes from voters residing in Spain, and so they are incomplete since afterwards, the District Electoral Boards will re-count the votes that arrive from residents who are abroad (RAE votes). In addition, the District Electoral Boards are responsible for resolving any queries and complaints that may arise during the vote counting process at the polling tables.

III. VOTER TURNOUT

  • Turnout Summaries: over the course of election day, which enables voters to vote at polling stations over a period of eleven hours (from 9 am to 8 pm), the Home Office broadcasts partial data about the number of voters going to the ballot urns, both in the morning and in the afternoon, and finally data regarding the total number of voters recorded on said election day.

    This information is provided as absolute data and as a percentage (on the basis of the electoral register of Spaniards resident in Spain (CER)).

    Summaries provide information on the influx of voters to the ballot urns between 9 am and 2 pm, and between 9 am and 6 pm (until the general elections of 1982, information for the first summary was collected up to 3 pm).

  • Participation at 8 pm: this information shows the number of voters recorded at the end of voting at all polling stations and also includes postal votes from CER (Spaniards resident in Spain) electors; however, CERA (Spaniards resident abroad) votes are not included, except in municipal elections (LOREG, article 190).

IV. CANDIDATE LISTS DATA

  • Naming of the candidate lists: the acronyms and complete naming of each candidate list appear.

  • Absolute votes: the total number of votes received by each candidacy proclaimed in every electoral process.

    These absolute figures include the votes of all the electors that have voted, regardless of their listing in the different types of electoral register. The database also enables us to see votes for each list of candidates cast by voters listed in the CERA register (in the case of General elections, elections to the European Parliament and Referendums).

    As a result of the LOREG Reform, art. 179.1 of the OL 2/2011, the number of councillors for municipalities with fewer than 250 residents is obtained by applying the following scale:

    • Up to 100 residents: 3

    • From 101 to 250 residents: 5

    This scale does not apply to municipalities that operate with a Public Council system.

  • Votes as a percentage: the data provided show votes obtained by the different lists of candidates as a percentage of the electoral register, as a percentage of all valid votes (votes for list of candidates and blank ballot-papers) and as a percentage of the total number of votes obtained by all candidates.

  • Representatives obtained: the number of representatives obtained by each list of candidates appears next to the absolute votes and vote percentages.

  • Electoral system: In Spain, the allocation of direct seats in the elections to the Congress of Deputies, Municipal elections, and elections to the European Parliament (EP), as well as Autonomous elections, is performed through a divisor quota formula applying the d'Hondt method. The d'Hondt divisor formula entails dividing the number of votes for each candidate list in the electoral district by the series of natural numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5... (LOREG, art. 163) and allocating seats to the candidate lists that obtain the highest quotients. Electoral districts for elections to the Congress are 52 (50 Spanish provinces plus autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla), while for municipal elections the electoral district is the municipality, and for elections to the EP, the only electoral district is the whole Spanish territory. The legal electoral threshold or exclusion barrier varies: 3% of valid votes in each electoral district in elections to the Congress of Deputies and 5% in Municipal elections. In elections to the European Parliament, there is no electoral threshold.

    The Senate and the Ceuta and Melilla elections to the Congress of Deputies use a majority electoral system.

V. CALCULATING PERCENTAGES

These fields are calculated as follows, except the 2011 General Elections as a result of the LOREG reform:

Calculating Percentage Of
Voters from turnout summaries at 2 pm, 6 pm and 8 pm Electoral Register without CERA
CERA Voters (Resident Abroad) Electoral Register of Spaniards Resident Abroad (CERA)
Total voters Complete electoral register
Abstention Complete electoral register
Valid votes Total voters
Spoiled ballot papers Total voters
Candidacy votes Valid votes
Blank ballot-papers Valid votes
Votes for each candidate list Complete electoral register
Valid votes
Candidacy votes

VI. BREAKDOWN LEVEL

  • Regional breakdown: the database enables to obtain results broken down on different scales for all electoral processes including: Province scale (all 50 Spanish provinces are the electoral districts in the elections to the Congress of Deputies, plus 2 autonomous cities), Municipality scale (each municipality is an electoral district in the Municipal elections), and Autonomous Community scale. In large cities, the breakdown level drops to the Municipal District scale.

  • Processes included: the electoral processes included in the Home Office database are those listed on the tabs of the start menu: Congress of Deputies, Senate, Municipal Elections, European Parliament, Referendum and Inter-Island Councils.

    It must be remembered that in some of these processes, different types of representatives are elected by direct election. For example: Deputies and Senators in General elections, Councillors and Ministers of Inter-Island Councils in Local elections of the Canary Islands.

VII. USING DATA

The results given can be used via different outputs. They can be printed off directly using the "print" icon; the data can also be presented in pdf format; or the data can be downloaded as an Excel file so all the functions of a spreadsheet can be used.

VIII. DOWNLOADING DATA

The database (NIPO 126-15-076-0) has a Downloads Area that allows users to download the electoral results broken down up to the polling table level. These downloads can be done in Excel format as well as in flat text files with .dat extensions.


© 2013 Ministerio del Interior